Wednesday, September 26, 2018

Artificial Intelligence : Impacts and Policies




In the past several years, the topic of Artificial Intelligence (AI) have advanced rapidly. Most of the people who are reading and talking about AI concerns are commonly asking the same question, “If machines can do tasks normally requiring human intelligence, will there be jobs left for humans?”
In my view, this is a wrong question. There are plenty of horrible jobs still left for the humans, but as the AI making its place, the requirements is to study and consider the policies to be implied and implemented by the humans over the function. 

Governments of various countries like France, Canada, Japan, US and many others around the world responded by developing AI strategies.

There have been various optimistic and pessimistic views on the impact of AI on society are widespread. Many say that it will be a boosting revolution for the world in the coming time whereas some even warn that rapid advances in AI could transform society for the worse.  
More optimistically, AI could enhance productivity so dramatically that people have plenty of income and little unpleasant work to do regardless of whether one adopts a pessimistic or optimistic view, policy will shape how AI affects society. 

How we define AI?
Before talking about the policies, let us first define what it is. Artificial intelligence is simply defined as “the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence”. It is the recent excitement in computer science driven by advances in machine learning based on the huge data and predictions.
Here I will discuss how AI is likely to have widespread consequences as a general purpose technology 

There are two aspects of AI policy: 

First, regulatory policy has an impact on the speed of diffusion of the technology and the form that the technology takes. 
Second, a number of policies focus on mitigating potential negative consequences of AI with respect to labor markets and antitrust concerns. 

Policies that will influence the diffusion of AI

Machine learning uses data to make predictions. The biggest constraint on AI in many settings is the ability to acquire useful data because the function used for decision making is depends on this. This creates privacy concerns. Therefore, privacy policy has a direct impact on the ability of organisations to build and implement AI. Too little privacy protection means that consumers may be unwilling to participate in market transactions where their data are vulnerable. Too much privacy regulation means that firms cannot use data to innovate. Perhaps more than any other regulation, rules around privacy are likely to influence the speed and direction of the application of AI in practice.  

Liability rules will also impact the diffusion of AI. Firms will be less likely to invest in the development of AI products in the absence of clear liability rules. If any accident or an unpredictable event occurs, it is a general question about the liability, whoever involved in the development of the autonomous product like the AI software firm, manufacturer, developer, data provider, telecommunications, etc

Without clear rules on who is liable, all may hesitate to invest for it. If, for example, autonomous vehicles would save lives, should manufacturers of non-autonomous vehicles be held to higher standards than current law requires? This would accelerate diffusion of the safer technology. In contrast, if the increases in liability focus are primarily on newer technology, then as a result, diffusion will slow.

Other most significant long-run policy issues relate to the potential changes to the distribution of the wealth generated by the widespread use of AI. In other words, AI may increase inequality over the people. If AI is like other types of information technology, it is likely to be skill-biased. The people who benefit most from AI will be educated people who already are doing relatively well. These people are also more likely to own the machines. Policies to address the consequences of AI for inequality relate to the social safety net.  

Another policy question around the diffusion of AI relates to whether it will lead to monopolization of industry. The leading companies in AI are large in terms of revenue, profits, and especially market capitalization (high multiples on earnings). This has led to an increase in antitrust scrutiny of the leading technology firms from governments. Much of this antitrust scrutiny focuses on the role of these firms as platforms, not on their use of AI.
 One of the very important feature that makes AI different is the importance of data. Firms with huge data can build better AI. Whether this leads to economies of scale and the potential for monopolization depends on whether a small lead early in the development cycle will be able to fight in the long-run advantage.

Much of economic policy for AI is simply economic policy. For the diffusion of AI, it resembles innovation policy. For the consequences of AI, it resembles public policy (the social safety net) and competition policy (antitrust). For the successful implementation of AI over the system, the policies need to be monitored and revised; only then such a powerful technology would successfully be able to transform the world in all the sectors. 

CHILD LABOR : A CURSE TO THE NATION



As per the Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, a "Child" is defined as any person below the age of 14. Child labor is the practice of having children being engaged in economic activity, on a part- or full-time basis which includes the domestic help too.

Though it is a cognizable criminal offence to employ a child for any work, a large number of children are involved in labor works frequently. The practice deprives children of their childhood, and is harmful to their physical and mental development. It is a common understood that children who work, instead of going to school, remain illiterate fully or partially which limits their ability to contribute to their own well being as well as to the community they live in.

Child labor has long term adverse effects for nation. It is a fact that poverty, lack of good schools and the growth of the informal economy are considered to be the key causes of child labor in India.
But it is not impossible for the government to stop the children involvement in the labor works. If the children are stopped from contributing to the financial condition of the family for few years and let them develop to their potential for education and skills, later, the same child (might will grown as an adult or adolescent), would be in a condition to contribute to the better way or with better wages.

Some other causes of Child Labor in India are cheap wages and accessibility to factories that can produce the maximum amount of goods for the lowest possible price. Also the corruption in the government authorities plays a major role in promoting child labor because laws that should be enforced to prevent child labor are not fully implemented because of the corrupt government.

It is not only a matter of individual to understand, but the government must understand that to keep the economy prospering, a vital criterion is to have an educated workforce equipped with relevant skills for the needs of the industries. The young laborers today, who are not so capable of earning much, can be part of India’s human capital tomorrow. Child labor undoubtedly results in a trade-off with human capital accumulation.

Child labor in India are employed with the majority (70%) in agriculture, some in low-skilled labor-intensive sectors such as sari or carpet weaving or as domestic helpers, which require neither formal education nor training, but more worrying condition is that the some percentage of children are also involved in heavy industry such as coal mining, diamond manufacturing, fireworks manufacturing, or any other hazardous industry. The nation does not only lose future human capitals in this sense, but also lead to the life loss of the country.

The government must understand that there are tremendous economic benefits for developing nations by sending children to school instead of work. Without education, children do not gain the necessary skills such as English or any other language literacy, general education and technical aptitude that will increase their productivity to enable them to secure higher-skilled jobs in future with higher wages that will lift them out of poverty

LIFE OF THE PEOPLE ON THE LEVEL OF HIGHEST RISK DUE TO HEAT WAVES



It has been continuously in the studies for last few decades regarding climate change and the impacts over the life of the people. The global temperature is rising at faster rate. The higher temperatures mean that heat waves are likely to happen more often and last longer, too. These heat waves can be so dangerous that can cause illnesses such as heat cramps and heat stroke, or even, there can be death too.

These deadly heat waves, triggered due to climate change can even be so intensive that it can also lead to a chain reaction of other changes around the world too. That's because increasing air temperature not only affects the human life but also the oceans, weather patterns, snow and ice, and even the plants and animals too. The warmer it gets, the more severe the impacts on people and the environment will be.
According to a figure by The World Health Organization, the heat stress, linked to climate change, may add 38,000 extra deaths a year worldwide between 2030 and 2050 and figure is likely to escalate.

At present, the North China Plain which is a home to 400 million people, faces the initial greatest risk to human life from rising temperatures of any location on earth.
After these Heat Waves, people cannot survive unprotected in the open for more than six hours at a wet-bulb temperature - which reflects the combined effects of heat and humidity - of 35 degrees Celsius (95°F),  as the study mentions.
In southern Europe, serious drought occurs every 10 years, 1 to 4 billion more people suffer water shortages; up to 5 billion gain water but they could suffer increased floods. Another 150 to 500 million people are at risk of hunger (if carbon fertilisation is weak) and approx 1 to 3 million more people die from malnutrition
Another 7 to 300 million people are affected by coastal flooding.
Also the heat waves could make it too hot to grow certain crops, and droughts caused by climate change could reduce the amount of water available for irrigation. Due to this, there would be scarcity of food on the planet. Climate change is also likely to cause stronger storms and more floods, which can also damage crops. Also the higher temperatures and changing rainfall patterns could help some kinds of weeds and pests to spread to new areas.
As climate change causes precipitation patterns to shift, some areas that currently have plenty of water to make hydro power might not have enough water in the future. Without enough water to produce electricity, these areas could experience power shortages and blackouts. They might have to use other energy sources to make more of the electricity they need, and if these sources are fossil fuels like coal, oil, or natural gas, more greenhouse gases will be added to the atmosphere.
Some of the large Himalayan glaciers may get disappeared, which would be affecting millions of near by population. Also due to this the ocean acidity continues to rise and as a consequence, marine ecosystems are seriously disrupted.

Sea level rise threatens small islands, low-lying coastal areas such as Florida,  and major world cities such as New York, London, and Tokyo, and in India too. Jakarta had been in news for its sinking situation.

As a result of the hot waves, people who are poor will have a deadly lives as they will not be able to explore much to air-conditioning or any other modern sources of living, This is because their bodies cannot shed heat, as sweat does not evaporate when it is very humid, which can lead to organ failure. Other who will use more air conditioning to stay cool,  electricity shortages and blackouts could increase. Because more electricity will be consumed, which would not be possible due to shortage of water, so most electricity  again will be produced by burning fossil fuels, as a result, more greenhouse gases will be added to the atmosphere.

As the Earth gets warmer, plants and animals that need to live in cold places, like on mountaintops or in the Arctic, might not have a suitable place to live. If the Earth keeps getting warmer, up to one–fourth of all the plants and animals on Earth could become extinct within next 6-7 decades. Every plant and animal plays a role in the ecosystem and maintains the balance, losing one species can affect many others and even the balance in the nature can get spoilt.

HOMELESSNESS: A Single Problem but the Cause of Many


During the days in Delhi, Once I saw a young woman, Deepa (while giving her some help, I had asked her name) with her belongings in plastic bags on the street side. I couldn’t guess her age, or even did not know since how long she was living there, but seeing her things kept around, and her clothes hanging on the railing, I could guess, it might have been a long time.
After reading this description, it would not be right to make a guess that this was a new thing I saw on the street of Delhi. This is a common scene, easily available to see everywhere in India. When it rains, they cover themselves with plastic sheets and even from the severe cold in winter or the intense heat waves in summer, they have very little protection for themselves.
The worse thing is that even they sometimes are harassed by the police or the locals also.

Thousands of people, including women, men and children arrive to the big cities everyday from villages and small towns, looking for better opportunities but most of them remain homeless. Many end up in slums and other informal settlements. Others settle under bridges, flyovers, on pavements and road dividers.
Globally, at least 150 million people, or about 2 percent of the population, are estimated to be homeless. More than a fifth of the population lacks adequate housing.
Discussing about the  causes of the homelessness are the said to be poverty, lack of affordable housing, alcohol and drug addiction, family breakdown, civil conflict and environmental disasters, but there is no perfect reason for a human to remain alive without having a roof on his/her head.

Many think that there is no quick solution of ending up urban homelessness because the urban population is rapidly increasing and there is no planning of the affordable housing matching with the increased figure of the urban population. As the cities are growing at a remarkable rate, and that puts a strain on the government's capacity to respond to the needs of the people, including the homeless, it is challenge before the nation which seems tough to meet.
With at least 55 percent of the world's population living in urban centres, homelessness is ever more apparent almost everywhere around the world but our country’s condition is a bit severe, which is forecast to overtake China by 2024 as the world's most populous country, with tens of millions cramming into already crowded cities.
These street dwellers, apart from a painful life, face abusive marriages, suffer violence, sexual harassment, mental exertion, and other anti-social acts which as a result, spoils the generation.
Homelessness is not only a single defined problem, that is ‘not having shelter’, but homelessness, as a consequence, generates and re-generates, several major problems, which doesn’t have a remedy, but the birth of ‘permanent spoiling of a human and thus of a nation’ certainly takes place. 

Tuesday, July 10, 2018

TIME MANAGEMENT: The Important Key to Success


When we talk about Time Management, the first question which comes in our mind is whether it is possible to manage the time or how do we define Time Management?
By the term, time management, it seems that we are talking about managing the time but in fact, we cannot manage the time as it is fixed but we can manage all the activities of our life. With the listing of required tasks and motive to attain becomes the time management which is meta-activity with the goal to maximize the overall benefit of a set of other activities within the boundary condition of a limited amount of time.
In other words, when we plan and exercise on the conscious control of the time spent on specific activities, with a motive to increase  effectiveness, efficiency or productivity, it, ultimately, is called the time management.
 Whatever the field of our life is, either it is study, social life, employment, family, and personal interests, everything has its specific demand. The definiteness of time restrict us to achieve everything with the proper understand and fulfillment of the demand. So the time management is an act of handling all the juggles with the balance.
Using time effectively gives the person 'choice' on spending or managing his/her activities at their own time and expediency.
Time management may be aided by a range of skills, tools, and techniques used to manage time when accomplishing specific tasks, projects, and goals complying with a due date. Initially, time management was considered just for business or work activities, but eventually the term broadened to include personal activities as well, like the hobbies and the interests of a person, spending time with the friends and family, etc. A time management system is a designed combination of processes, tools, techniques and methods. Time management is usually a necessity in any  project development it determines the project completion, the required time and scope.
The major themes arising from the different study on time management include the following:
  •   Setting of priorities
  •   Creating an environment conducive to effectiveness
  • Carrying out activity around priorities
  • The related process of reduction of time spent on non-priorities
  • Incentives to modify behavior to ensure compliance with time-related deadlin
Another scientific study defines the time management in the following way too, which is termed as POSEC method.
POSEC method
1.   Prioritize – It is about the prioritizing your time and define your life by goals.
2.   Organize – It is about organizing the things you have to accomplish regularly to be successful.
3.   Streamline – It is about those things you may not like to do, but must do.
4.   Economize – It refers to things you should do or may even like to do, but they're not pressingly urgent.
5.   Contribute – It is about paying attention to the few remaining things that makes a difference.
During the process of Time Management, there comes an important point, and that is about creating an effective environment with an organized way to work. Here the most important thing which is needed to monitor is the insulation, isolation and delegation. When we start implementing the time management new in our life, the most considerable thing to fight is the recovery from the bad habits of time non-utilization. If we win over this, we start getting the command over the time management.
Setting priorities and goals
Work List versus To Do List always is like a cricket match where the toss matters. So it must be strongly associated with the strategies based on the recommendation to set personal goals.
These goals are recorded and may be broken down into a project, an action plan, or a simple task list or even smaller modules. For individual tasks or for goals, an importance rating may be established, deadlines may be set, and priorities assigned. This process results in a plan with a task list or a schedule or calendar of activities. Initially a periodical review is always required to check the effectiveness of the time management. This is done in various ways, as follows:
ABCD analysis
This is the most implemented way to organize tasks and has been used in business management for a long time. It is the categorization of large data into smaller groups and sub-groups. These groups are often marked A, B, C and D—proper naming required to recognize. Activities are ranked by these general criteria:
  A – Tasks that are perceived as being urgent and important,
   B – Tasks that are important but not urgent,
  C – Tasks that are unimportant but urgent,
D - Tasks that are unimportant and not urgent
Implementation of goals    
A task list (i.e. the to-do list) is a list of tasks to be completed, such as chores or steps toward completing a project. It is an inventory tool which serves as an alternative or supplement to memory.
Task lists are used in self-management,  business management, project management software developments and other projects too. It may involve more than one list too.
When one of the items on a task list is accomplished, the task is checked or crossed off. The traditional method is to write these on a piece of paper with a pen or pencil, usually on a note pad or clip-board. Task lists can also have the form of paper or software checklists.
How to organize the Task list
Task lists are often diarised and tiered. The simplest tiered system includes a general to-do list to record all the tasks the person needs to accomplish, and a daily to-do list which is created each day by transferring tasks from the general to-do list. An alternative is to create a "not-to-do list", to avoid unnecessary tasks is also important.
This planning of the tasks helps you getting all your work done, every day, and if you are unable to achieve, it helps you diagnose where you are going wrong and what needs to change.                        In the process of doing this, some level of detail must be taken for granted for a task system to work. For example, rather than put "clean the kitchen", "clean the bedroom", and "clean the bathroom", it is more efficient to put "housekeeping" and reduce the system's administrative load in maintaining all the categories with the sub-categories.
It is said that if you are able to manage your all activities successfully, you have opened the first door to success. You will feel that in the same specified time, either you are able to play all the important roles defined for you and do all the activities assigned to you, but if you are not able to manage your roles and the respective activities in your specified time, the time passes and passes and nothing comes in hand. So managing the activities in the specified time can bring everything for you and if not done, can take everything from you, neither the personal life’s pleasure nor the professional life’s achievement.
It is said that if you are able to manage your all activities successfully, you have opened the first door to success. You will feel that in the same specified time, either you are able to play all the important roles defined for you and do all the activities assigned to you, but if you are not able to manage your roles and the respective activities in your specified time, the time passes and passes and nothing comes in hand. So managing the activities in the specified time can bring everything for you and if not done, can take everything from you, neither the personal life’s pleasure nor the professional life’s achievement.

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

What really the Unity is, in my opinion?

Unity, a word, a phenomenon, and lots of thoughtful things included in the single word; talked almost among all the sections of the society, all walks of life and almost everywhere. What this unity is, how to define, how to implement, no one knows, no one explains …
Recently I tweeted a small thought of mine on my micro website twitter.com. Before tweeting I read the news of violence going on in Maharashtra, I was not present there at that time; but I was in grief for the people, while tweeting, I was feeling pain for those people who suffer but not because they don’t understand the meaning of unity, but because there are some people around them who don’t want the people to be united. They begin it; they begin the rage and the anger, but the people, who used to believe in unity, or if not believed, at least did not have the intention to de-unite were unknowingly involved and suffered. Some people, mostly, very few in the number, begin the violence, even without knowing what their expectation is, why they are spreading the negative vibes in the society and what they want.

That small segment of people very well knows that India is a large country. There are different regions here and different regions observe variations in tradition and culture. People belonging to diverse cultures belong to different religious faiths. They celebrate different festivals and perform varied religious rites. In spite of these diversities, Indians feel a sense of unity and oneness among them. The spoken language of one state is quite different from that of another. They wear different types of dresses. That’s why, it’s being said that India is symbol of unity in diversity.

Then why a small segment rises problems, are they uncomfortable in accepting India as a united nation, do they want that India should be divided into small segments, where as each single segment could have only one kind of culture, one kind of language, one kind of tradition and one kind of religious rights. Do these people know that this is their intention, and will all these people broadly accept that their intention is to divide India? I believe, certainly not, if asked this question, they will certainly give lots of reasons as why they are promoting or influencing the humans (Indians as a whole) to fight among themselves.
When somebody goes from one district to another, he is frequently asked, which district you belong to, same is asked when he leaves the state, which state you belong to? Do you speak Malayalam, or Tamil or Hindi or … , but when somebody goes out of the country, he goes with only one identity, an Indian, and he is only asked “ Are you an Indian?”

But the people who are living in India, not travelling abroad, forget this universal identity. They prefer to consider themselves as Hindu or Muslim, Sikh or Christian, or Bihari, Begali, Marathi, Malli or so on. Why don’t they take it simply like this, that following the religion or any culture or belief is someone’s own choice, but it should not suffer the identity of being Indian. People create groups, the group which will fight for the right of Muslims or the group which will fight for the rights of Hindus, or so on. But what is the need of formation of this type of groups, is it not only enough that there must be groups which should fight for the rights for the weaker section of the society, underprivileged section of the society, or women… does any problem come to us with a consideration whether this particular person is from Bihar or Bengal or Maharashtra, so we should harm them and leave others. No, it never happens, any natural problem comes without making any difference of region, religion or caste, so if the problem/disaster (like earthquake, fire, tsunami, etc) doesn’t make any difference on these grounds, why some people create the segment to influence the people. Have they themselves understood what they want from people, and if yes, have they this much of courage in their words that they clearly accept it – I don’t want my country to be united, I want to break it down into smaller pieces and I do refuse “ the Right to equality and unity by the Honoured Constitution of India”.

I have written all this because I am an Indian and I feel grief to see these things in my nation. But the fact is that it is not applicable for my country only, this should be considered by all the people of the world for their own country and its constitution, wherever they have born, and wherever they have got the citizenship rights. A country’s constitution is always bigger than a particular section’s wish or right. So the foremost importance and the care is sought for the nationality itself, for example, a Chinese must care first what the Chinese Constitution has defined for the sake of the nation of China, an American must think about America’s Constitution and an Australian must care for the Australia’s constitution, and so on. Any particular person, born in any country, must give first priority to what his country wants or says, and later, what he wants or thinks. So the nation doesn’t matter, but in brief and in general, every citizen should first respect and value the country through which he received this citizenship, as this is the first gift, the country has given to him … “The Citizenship” and later must come, his region, religion or other things.

Women Empowerment: the Big Idea still to Reform


It is a fact that women in India have made a considerable progress to a great extent, but they still have to struggle against many handicaps and social evils in the male-dominated society. Many evil and masculine forces still exist in the modern Indian society that resists the forward march of its women power.

It is ironical that a country, which prays female goddesses like Goddess Durga, Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Saraswati while praying but when come to interact with the female humans, feel very proud and pleasure to humiliate women in one sense or other.
No doubt, women have been sitting in the important positions in the society, but their true empowerment is still awaited.

Though the nation has developed a lot, but still there are the majority of people here who can’t see the women going ahead. People here still try that the bird should fly using one wing only, and the other wing(the women) are to be kept either idle or should have less effort and contribution.
People seek the welfare of the world having the women ignored, or if given attention, they are done in that way, as if they are something weak or disabled.

Therefore, the inclusion of “Women Empowerment’ is one of the prime goals in the today’s hi-tech and scientific era. Thus, in order to achieve the status of a developed country, India needs to transform its vast women force into an effective human resource and this is possible only through the empowerment of women.
Empowering women to participate fully in economic and social life across all sectors is essential to make stronger economies, compete internationally to attain the agreed goals for development and sustainability, and improve the quality of life for women, men, families, and communities.

What exactly is the women empowerment?

Women empowerment means liberation of women from the fierce and ferocious grips of social, economical, political, caste and gender-based discrimination. It means granting women the freedom to make life choices. Women empowerment does not mean ‘deifying women’ or stooping before them rather it means giving them equal rights and place in the different walks of society. When talking in detail about women empowerment, there come various aspects in our mind which I am trying to discuss here as under:—

Human Rights or Individual Rights: A woman is a living being with functioning senses; creating imagination and thoughts; and not an idle, so she should be able to express freely and independently. Individual empowerment of a woman means to have the self-confidence to articulate and assert the power to negotiate and make decisions.

Educational Aspect of Women Empowerment  - Empowering the women with the knowledge, skills, and self-confidence is the most important and the most necessary tool to participate fully in the development process of the nation. It means making women aware of their rights and developing a confidence to claim them.

Legal and Social Aspect of Women Empowerment There must be a provision of an effective legal structure which is supportive of women empowerment. It means that the gaps between the prescribed law practices and what actually occurs need to be monitored and filled up. Gender equality must be monitored intensely because it implies a society in which women and men enjoy the same opportunities, outcomes, rights and obligations in all spheres of life.

Economic and Occupational Aspect of Women Empowerment- It implies that the livelihoods should be owned and managed by women in order to achieve a better quality of material life through sustainable resources. It means reducing the financial dependency of the female on their male counterparts by making them a significant part of the human resource.

What is the Current Scenario on Women Empowerment 

Based on the ideas reformed by our founding fathers for women empowerment, many social, economic and political provisions were incorporated in the Indian Constitution. Women in India now participate in many areas such as education, sports, politics, media, art and culture, service sector and science and technology. But due to the deep- rooted traditional mentality in the Indian society, women are still victimized, humiliated, tortured and exploited. Even after almost seven decades of Independence, women are still subjected to discrimination in the social, economic and educational field.

Though there have been numerous of steps taken by government time to time to protect the rights of women, but the government initiatives are bound and limited against legal or the constitutional boundaries. In general, if not particular the rape, humiliation or exploitation; the women face lots of those types of harassments by the men dominated society, which can’t even be complained. So the need is to change the mindset of the people and the society, how to make the vision about the women.

What are the Challenges  in the way of Women Empowerment ?

The most widespread and dehumanizing discrimination against women begin from the birth of a girl child itself. Boys are preferred over girls; hence, female infanticide is known as a common practice in India.
The traditional Indian society is a still a society which is ruled by the diktats of self-proclaimed caste lords who are the guardians of archaic and unjust traditions. They put the burden of traditions, culture, and honor on the shoulders of women and mark their growth.

Still remains the Implementation Gaps Though the government has made lots of programmes to protect the women and their rights like The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Technologies Act and various health programmes like Janani Suraksha Yojana and National Rural Health Mission (NHRM), and many others  in the last seventy years after  independence , but the attention is only on developing and devising new schemes, policies and programmes and have paid less attention to the proper monitoring system and implementation sightedness and that is why, for example, our country has still a skewed sex ratio and a high maternal mortality rate.

Exists some Loopholes in the legal structure Although there are a number of laws to protect women against all sorts of violence yet there has been the significant increase in the episodes of rapes, extortions, acid, attacks etc. This is due to delay in legal procedures and the presence of several loopholes in the functioning of a judicial system.
The male dominance prevails in the society of India and women are forced to remain mute spectators in most of the cases.

What are the Ways ahead to bring the Women Empowerment

Ways start with bridging the deep-rooted biases through sustained reconditioning. It is only possible by promoting the idea of gender equality and uprooting social ideology of male child preferability. This concept of equality should be first developed in each and every household and from there; it should be taken to the society.

Education is the most important and indispensable tool for women empowerment. It makes women aware of their rights and responsibilities. Educational achievements of a woman can have fast flow and ripple effects for the particular family and across generations.
Empowering women socially, economically, educationally, politically and legally is not going to be so easy that the culture of disregard for women will end up in a day or two. This is so deep-rooted in Indian society that it is going to be an exceptional heroic task. But it does not mean that it is implausible and far-fetched. Any reforms take time to be effective; women empowerment is not a one-day revolution, so, will also take its time as well. All we need is a concentrated effort focused in the right direction that would rest only with the liberation of women from all forms of evil.

 A small initiative taken by us:

Though a single body can't make the complete change but can give important contribution towards the change. Having the same vision in mind, our trust, the NK Charitable Trust (www.nkcharitabletrust.com) has launched some of the programs for educating and skill development of women and is moving forward continuously to take newer initiatives for the same.

Artificial Intelligence : Impacts and Policies

In the past several years, the topic of Artificial Intelligence (AI) have advanced rapidly. Most of the people who are reading and...